Here is a wonderful short video that will explain how dyslexia is like for the people are affected! It is highly recommended to show this video for childs and their parents to help them understand dyslexia.
Dyslexia affects up to 1 in 5 people, but the experience of dyslexia isn’t always the same. This difficulty in processing language exists along a spectrum — one that doesn’t necessarily fit with labels like “normal” and “defective.” Kelli Sandman-Hurley urges us to think again about dyslexic brain function and to celebrate the neurodiversity of the human brain.
Lesson by Kelli Sandman-Hurley, animation by Marc Christoforidis.
1. Dyslexia Association – This is an organisation that is a non-profit, registered national Australian body concerned with the well being, identification and educational intervention of those with dyslexia. They help to screen, assess and support those with dyslexia to help promote learning within Australia.
2. Dyslexia-SPELD Foundation – They provide support and assistance for those with dylexia and their carers, services such as assessment, tutoring, consultations and free information evenings are provided by this service!
There are many more resources and support organisation available on the internet also but these two support groups are highly recommended because they are professional and accredited support groups.
A common management strategy for Dyslexia is using a different method of teaching.
Education changes – Multisensory method of teaching used.
A multi-sensory approach to teaching involves input from all the senses and requires cognitive imput to process the varied information. It has been shown to be effective in teaching students with learning difficulties. The aim is to pair visual and auditory stimulus with meaningful student activity, in a way that promotes understanding and builds on previous knowledge. It also allows students to use their strengths while developing weaker areas. Experiental learning, such as hands-on activities or computer-assisted learning, can assist those students with learning difficulties to assimilate the information in a meaningful way.
Multisensory Structured Language (MSL) includes the principles of scientific reading research but goes one step further with addition of the multisensory component. The multisensory component is what makes MSL differ to other traditional reading and spelling programs. The MSL Orton Gillingham approach is considered the golden standard and assists ALL children including children who have been identified with dyslexia or a related differences.
TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. This was a video from TEDx Youth given by Piper Otterbein who gives a brilliant insight into the life of a young child with dyslexia!
Dyslexia is the most common and well recognised among the ranges of specific learning disabilities.
The definition of dyslexia:
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
As indicated by Fletcher and colleagues (2007),
Reference: Fletcher, J. M., Lyon, G. R., Fuchs, L. S., & Barnes, M. A. (2007). Learning disabilities: From identification to intervention. New York: Guilford.)
Basically for people with dyslexia reading, spelling and pronouncing words are a challenge as they cannot decode the phonological components of words.
The first step in helping someone with dyslexia is to IDENTIFY THEM:
To help identify a person with dyslexia here are some questions that can be asked:
Does the child…
- …have difficulty learning the relationship between sounds and letters?
- …appear to forget instructions easily?
- …frequently misread/misspell commonly occurring words?
- …have difficulty reading words quickly and accurately?
- …read a word accurately on one line and then fail to recognise it further down the page?
- …have difficulty remembering how to spell words over time?
- …have difficulty applying spelling rules?
- …experience literacy difficulties that are unexpected when compared to their strengths in other academic, artistic or sporting areas?
- …often substitute words that look similar when reading?
- …have difficulty comprehending what they read because of difficulties with word recognition?
- …tire easily and become distracted especially when expected to complete literacy tasks?
- …have a family member (or family members) with reading and writing difficulties?
- …read slowly and dysfluently?
- …experience difficulty in playing with the sounds in words when rhyming, counting syllables and removing individual sounds?
- …often leave literacy tasks unfinished?
- …struggle with reading and spelling particularly in comparison with their peers?
- …put in a great deal of effort but have little to show for it?
- …not progress at the expected rate despite extra assistance?
- …struggle for no apparent reason?
If someone says Yes to many of these statements, there is a potential chance they have dyslexia and need a more thorough diagnosis.